A few basics of Rheumatic Disease

A few basics of Rheumatic Disease

Rheumatic diseases are characterized by inflammation that affects the connecting or
supporting structures of the body — most commonly the joints, but also sometimes the
tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Some rheumatic diseases even affect the organs.
These diseases can ultimately cause loss of function in those body parts.
There are more than 100 rheumatic diseases which exist.
Here are a few of the rheumatic diseases described in just a line:

  • RA- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This rheumatic disease destroys the lining of joints, causing
    swelling, pain, and stiffness throughout the body.
  • JIA-Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: This is one of the most common arthritis in
    childhood, this disease causes pain, swelling, and loss of joint function. Symptoms
    may also include fevers and rashes.
  • AS- Ankylosing Spondylitis: is the most common of the spondyloarthropathies —
    rheumatic diseases that specifically affect the spine — this often occurs in young
    adults.
  • OA- Osteoarthritis: The most common type of arthritis, this rheumatic disease
    destroys cartilage and bone, causing pain and disability.
  • PA- Psoriatic Arthritis: A form of arthritis that occurs in people with the skin disorder
    psoriasis, this painful disease affects joints of the fingers and toes, creating noticeable
    changes in fingernails and toenails.
  • IA-Infectious Arthritis: Some forms of arthritis are caused by viral or bacterial
    infections. Lyme disease results from the bite of a tick carrying specific bacteria, and
    it may cause inflammation, pain, and stiffness of joints.
  • Reactive Arthritis: This rheumatic disease, known as Reiter’s syndrome, is another
    spondyloarthropathy. Often, it's triggered by an infection in the bowels, urinary tract,
    or other organs. Symptoms include skin rashes, eye problems, and sores on the
    mouth
  • Fibromyalgia: This rheumatic disease attacks the muscles and tendons that support
    joints, causing pain, stiffness, and problems sleeping.
  • Gout: This disease is characterized by uric acid crystals in the joints — often the big
    toe that cause episodes of swelling and pain.
  • Lupus: Formally called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), this rheumatic disease is
    also an autoimmune disease. Lupus attacks the body’s own healthy cells and tissues,
    causing damage to joints and organs.
  • Scleroderma: The body produces too much collagen, the fibrous material that
    supports the structure of skin and other organs, in this rheumatic disease.
    Scleroderma also affects joints and blood vessels.
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